of Hosting Terminology
record: An ‘A record’ is part of the zone file.
It is used to point Internet traffic to an IP address of a Web hosting
server. When you host your Web site with Webservio, your A record
will point to a Webservio IP address.
Server Pages: Dynamic HTML documents that are embedded
with Microsoft’s Visual Basic scripts or Jscript and typically
database driven. These scripts are processed by the server before
being served to the user and should be hosted on a Windows server.
The Apache HTTP Server Project is an effort to develop and maintain
an open-source HTTP (Web) server for modern operating systems including
UNIX and Windows NT. The Apache Software Foundation provides support
for the Apache community fo ropn-source software projects.
The amount of time in a 24-hour period a server is active or responsive
to other servers. Webservio guarantees 99.5% uptime.
Copies of Web server data made routinely.
The amount of data that can be transferred at a given moment to
or from a server; the speed of data transfer.
Client software that displays HTML code it receives from servers.
Data may display different based on the browser used and the client’s
CentOS is a freely-available Linux distribution that is based on
Red Hats’ commercial product.
Gateway Interface (CGI) Scripting: A script that translates
data supplied by a user, making your pages dynamic so that users
can interact with the pages, such as in a form application.
Fusion: An application which simplifies database queries
by allowing for a simpler programming language to handle functions
between the user’s brwoser, the server, and the database.
ColdFusion is a Windows-based application and no longer supported.
Housing a server that you own in the facilities of a hosting provider
to take advantage of specialized server environment requirements
such as rackspace, backup generators, cooling systems, and tier-I
hosting: The most secure type of hosting server in which
a full server and its resources are allocated to one client.
Space: The amount of storage space to hold your Web files
Hosting: Servers specifically designed to house domain
(zone) records such as A records, MX records and CNAMES.
Web pages that display different output based on user interaction.
Pages that interact with a database are dynamic.
Hosting: Internet hosting service that sends electronic
messages through an Email server. Webservio provides 10MB of storage
space per POP3 user in a shared environment with each standard hosting
package. Premium Email hosting packages are also available.
Transfer Protocol (FTP): A method to transfer files (upload
and download) across the Internet, typically from your computer
to your Web hosting server. Many free FTP programs are available
and many development softwares, such as DreamWeaver, include FTP
A software application designed to prevent attacks or unauthorized
access to Web servers or networks.
Platform: The operating system configured on the server,
typically either Linux or Windows. Programming languages, such as
PHP or .NET, determine the host platform necessary to host your
Markup Language (HTML): The language used between Web browsers
and Web pages. Web browsers display Web pages by interpreting the
A free Unix-type operating system originally developed in the early
1990s by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of open-source developers
around the world. Linux hosting: A Web site that runs on a Linux
(open source) operating system including basic HTML pages, PHP pages,
Ruby on Rails or other programming languages compatible with Linux.
Balancing: Distributing data across two or more servers
to ensure that a single server is not overloaded by traffic and
affecting availability or performance.
Bagging: A secondary mail server provided by Webservio
to capture Email messages when your primary mail server is unavailable.
Colocation: Dedicated hosting with full support from trained
Site: An exact copy of an existing Web site. Mirrors are
used to spread traffic among busy Web sites.
A relational database management system produced by Microsoft. MsSQL
is hosted on a Windows server and typically used in conjunction
with sites created in .NET.
An open-source relational database management system allowing multiuser
access to multiple databases. It is frequently used in conjunction
with Linux, Perl and PHP.
Colocation: Premium storage facilities including rackspace
and security for your server. While servers are unpowered by default
in Offline Colocation plans, resources are available at request
for power, bandwidth, monitoring, backups, cooling systems and more.
Extraction and Report Language (Perl): An interpreted language
optimized for scanning arbitrary text files, extracting information
from those text files, and printing reports based on that information.
A scripting language hosted on Linux servers. Commands are embedded
within HTML files and executed on the Web server, making it browser
The Plesk software package is a proprietary commercial Web hosting
automation solution by SWsoft. Most commonly found bundled (or available
as an optional extra) with VPS and dedicated server packages provided
by professional hosting service providers, Plesk provides a graphical
web based interface which allows the user to configure the most
common server management tasks with only a limited knowledge of
the server operating system.
Office Protocol (POP): A method of retrieving Email from
an Email server, typically through a client such as Mozilla Thunderbird
or Microsoft Outlook Express. POP3, the most widely-used version,
can be used with or without SMTP.
443: This port is used for secure web browser communication.
Data transferred across such connections are highly resistant to
eavesdropping and interception. Moreover, the identity of the remotely
connected server can be verified with significant confidence. Web
servers offering to accept and establish secure connections listen
on this port for connections from web browsers desiring strong communication
web browsers inform their users of these secured connections by
displaying an icon — a padlock, an unbroken key, etc. —
in the status region of their window.
80: On a Web server or Hypertext Transfer Protocol daemon,
port 80 is the port that the server listens to or expects to receive
from a Web client, assuming that the default was taken when the
server was configured or set up. A port can be specified in the
range from 0-65536 on the NCSA server. However, the server administrator
configures the server so that only one port number can be recognized.
By default, the port number for a Web server is 80.
Colocation: Colocation plans that provide power and connectivity
for your server needs.
Hat: Red Hat is dedicated to open source software. Founded
in 1995 in Raleigh, North Carolina, Red Hat is widely recognized
for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Array of Independent Disks (RAID): A method of data protection.
Data is stored over a number of disks so that information is still
available if a disk fails. Server: A computer that manages and shares
Monitoring: Ping requests to your server to check for its
availability. If the ping request times out or is returned unavailable,
trained engineers at Webservio are notified immediately in addition
to authorized people within your organization.
hosting: The most basic Web hosting, your site files are
stored on a server that shares disk space and other resources on
Account: An account to edit files on line in real time
rather than making changes to your site offline and uploading the
changes via FTP. Shell accounts are typically available for VPS
and Dedicated Hosting services.
Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP): The main protocol used to
send mail on the Internet, providing a set of rules on how a program
sending mail and a program receiving mail should interact.
Socket Layer (SSL): A protocol designed by Netscape Communications
to enable encrypted, authenticated communication across the Internet.
Secured connections provide privacy, authentication and message
integrity. SSL connections typically have https in the URL and display
a padlock or unbroken key in the status region of the browser window.
Pertaining to Web pages with fixed content (i.e. Content that is
not database driven or manipulated by the end user.)
Data collected on the visitors to your Web site so you can analyze
trends such as times of day you receive the most traffic, entry
and exit pages, files downloaded and more. Many hosting companies
offer access to stats via programs that put the data in charts and
A command link interface that allows remote users to communicate
with Web servers.
Server: A web server which shares its resources with multiple
Private Server (VPS): A step down from Dedicated Hosting,
a virtual private server provides space that runs independently
of other partitions on the same server, using some shared resources.
hosting: A service that allows individuals and organizations
server space to store Web sites that are accessible to people browsing
the World Wide Web. Webservio offers a variety of Web hosting packages
in Linux and Windows environments to offer you the security and
resources necessary to optimize your hosting needs.
A trademarked, proprietary operating system with a graphical user
interface at the computer and server level that is wholly owned,
supported and licensed by Microsoft.
hosting: A Web site that runs on a Windows operating system
including basic HTML pages, .NET, ColdFusion, ASP and other pages
coded by Front Page, Expression Web, Visual Basic and other Windows